Health Management

Diabetes

There has been a lot of confusion lately about the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes, formerly known as Juvenile diabetes, occurs when the body produces little or no insulin. It typically strikes before the age of 20, appearing most often in children and young adults, although it can appear at any age. People with Type 1 diabetes are usually thin. Type 1 diabetes accounts for about 5%-15% of all diabetics in the country. Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes usually develop over a short period and include:

Treatment for Type 1 diabetes includes healthy eating, physical activity and taking insulin. Doctors may also prescribe other medications. Frequent blood sugar, also called blood glucose testing is necessary. Doctors will also check a blood glucose level called an A1C which looks at average blood glucose levels over a 2 to 3 month period. These tests are very important tools for a doctor to see how well his or her treatment plan is working or if an adjustment is needed in a patient's insulin therapy.

The most common form of diabetes is Type 2, formerly known as Adult onset. It accounts for about 85% -90% of all diabetes diagnoses in the U.S. It is often associated with older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, previous history of gestational diabetes, physical inactivity, and certain ethnicities. About 80% of people with Type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese. When Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed, the body is usually producing enough insulin but for unknown reasons, they body doesn't use it well, this is called insulin resistance. After a few years, insulin production decreases. The symptoms of Type 2 diabetes develop gradually and include:

Healthy eating, physical activity, and blood glucose testing are the basic tools for managing Type 2 diabetes. However, many people with Type 2 diabetes will require one or more diabetes medicines in the form of pills, insulin, and other injectable medicines.

You may have had one or more of these signs before you found out you had diabetes. Or you may have had no signs at all. A blood test to check your glucose levels will show if you have pre-diabetes or diabetes. People with diabetes must assume the responsibility for their day to day care and routine. It is important that anyone with diabetes know the signs of low blood sugar, called hypoglycemia or high blood sugar, called hyperglycemia.

Symptoms of hypoglycemia include the following:

The symptoms of Hyperglycmia include:

Talk to your doctor about what to do if you experience hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia. To learn more about diabetes click on the links below.
http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov
http://www.diabetes.org/

How your benefits can work for you to help you manage your diabetes:

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